2018年6月大学英语四级选词填空解析,2018年6月英

2019-11-29 作者:留学   |   浏览(59)

  Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级选词填空解析:

  Section A

  Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  Section A

  Since the 1940s, southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。

  Since the 1940s, southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。 Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。

  [评述]

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。 Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  选词填空的解题技巧第一步将选项根据词性分类,这道题中考查名词7个,动词5个,形容词2个,副词1个。因此将单词分类之后,我们很快把15选1缩小到了最多是7选1,最少的情况是1选1。另外,名词通过简单判断单复数形式,动词通过时态和非谓语动词还可以进一步缩小范围。同样,仔细阅读解题的关键仍然与我们强调的一致,找准定位,选项与原文内容一一比对,排除各类干扰选项后,做对题目并不是很难。

  A) assisted I) inhabitants

  [答案]

  B) collaborating J) innovation

  26。 M pollutants

  C) consequence K) intended

  27。 N restricted

  D) consumers L) outdoor

  28。 C consequence

  E) creating M) pollutants

  29。 J innovation

  F) detail N) restricted

  30。 F detail

  G) domestic O) sum

  31。 K intended

  H) frequently

  32。 L outdoor

  答案:

  33。 B collaborating

  26 pollutants

  34。 I inhabitants

  27 restricted

  35。 E creating

  28 consequence

  [解析]

  29 innovation

  26。 答案M

  30 detail

  解析:介词of后填名词,根据上下文语义,该空后为pollutants,污染物。

  31 intended

  27。 答案N

  32 outdoor

  解析:固定搭配be restricted to,表示“仅限于…,限制在…”。

  33 collaborating

  28。 答案C

  34 inhabitants

  解析:空前不定冠词,空格填名词,固定搭配as a consequence,表示“因此”。

  35 creating

  29。 答案J

  来源:新东方

  解析:空前形容词,空格填名词,结合语义,为innovation,创新。

  作者:兰州学校新东方李逸飞老师

  30。 答案F

  解析:空前介词,空格填名词,固定搭配in detail,表示“详细地”。

  31。 答案K

  解析:固定搭配be intended to,表示“打算,意图”。

  32。 答案L

  解析:空前介词,空后名词,空格填形容词,结合语义选择outdoor,表示户外的。

  33。 答案B

  解析:结合时态和固定搭配collaborate with,表示“合作”。

  34。 答案I

  解析:空前所有格,空格填名词,结合语义,I选项inhabitants居民为正确选项。

  35。 答案E

  解析:空前介词,空后名词,空格填动词ing,结合语义,E选项正确。

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it。 Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs。 Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived。 You may choose a paragraph more than once。 Each paragraph is marked with a letter。 Answer the question by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2。

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