家庭在教育中的作用【太阳集团】,搭配记忆法

2019-11-04 作者:澳门太阳集团2019网站   |   浏览(60)

  我们之前说过,复习考研[微博]英语要注重真题,在记忆词汇和练习阅读理解、翻译题的时候要结合真题做搭配记忆,并辅以相应的练习,下面我们就以真题为例,从中摘取出容易出现的考点,让2016的考生更深刻地领会“搭配记忆”法。

1 Good parenting

  【相关真题】

Good schooling
The parent-child relationship

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies consist of one-parent households or two working parents; consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。

2 Build strong family relationships

  【高频考点】

Build a sense of belonging
Have meals as a family
Share family chores
Share ideas and feelings

  1.发生变化:experiencechanges

Strengthen family bonds
Family bonding activities

  2.由单亲家庭构成:consistof one-parent households

Achieve a good work-family balance
Help their children with homework

  3.XKF会对青少年犯罪率产生影响:XKFis thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates。

Monitor their children's academic performance
Are more involved in their children's education

  4.增加可能性:increasethe probability

These parents believe that they are more involved in their children's education than their own parents were.

  5.直接的因果关系还没有建立起来:adirect causal relationship has not yet been established

Teach their children good manners
Provide good role models for their children

  6.可确定的原因:identifiablecauses

3 Working parents

  7.犯罪的行为:offensiveacts

It helps busy working parents balance their lives.

  8.某事发生越来越多:thegrowing incidence of something

Have busy careers
(Children) Spend their after-school hours without adult supervision

  【翻译练习】

Internet addiction
Spend too much time online
Weaken family bonds
Feel disconnected from each other
太阳集团,Cause family conflict/ high divorce rate

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years。

4 Parenting style/ child-rearing style

  ②More families consist ofone-parent households or two working parents; consequently, children are likelyto have less supervision at home than was common in the traditional familystructure。

Expect their children to do exactly what they are told
Stifle their creativity
Damage their self-esteem

  结构提示:than was common in the traditional familystructure体现比较的逻辑关系,比较的双方是现在的孩子与传统家庭的孩子。

Spoil their children
Permissive parents
(Children) can behave as they please

  ③This lack of parentalsupervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates。

Are understanding and supportive
Respect their feelings
Support their choices
Respect their individuality

  ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect。

Western parents try to respect their children's individuality.

  结构提示:frustration or failure in school, theincreased availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of childabuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语共同组成句子的宾语。

Give them advice and support
Encourage them to think independently
Help them build self-confidence and self-esteem
Help them achieve their potential

  ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet been established。

5 Emotional health/ emotional well-being

  【参考译文】

This program aims to promote emotional health among young people.

  ①这些年,家庭也发生了一些变化。

Provide them with emotional support
(Children) Seek advice from parents
Damage their emotional health

  ②单亲家庭或者父母都要上班的家庭越来越多,这样一来,家庭对孩子的管教比传统家庭可能会少一些。

6 Develop good moral values

  ③缺乏父母监督被认为对青少年犯罪率有一定的影响。

Teach children the difference between right and wrong
Teach children about social responsibility

  ④其他可以找到的犯罪行为的原因包括在学校的挫折和失败、毒品和酒越来越容易获得、虐待孩子和忽视孩子的事件越来越多。

7 Good behavior

  ⑤所有这些条件往往会增加青少年犯罪的可能性,尽管它们之间直接的因果关系还没有确定。

Follow school rules
Develop self-control
Well-behavior students
Teach them good manners and etiquette

  “搭配记忆法”对我们记忆单词、攻克翻译题有很大的帮助,但任何巧妙的方法都需要在长久的练习中熟能生巧,希望大家在以后的复习过程中,能按照这种方法把真题吃透,日积月累,你会发现效果真的不错!

Break school rules
Unacceptable behavior

  来源:文都教育

8 Their peers

Peer pressure
Are in their formative years
Often act on impulse

Teenagers often act on impulse and get into trouble with their parents.

Are influenced by peer pressure
Positive peer pressure ➡️ Increase their motivation to learn
Negative peer pressure ➡️ drug abuse, teenage sex, school bullying, youth crime

Feel lonely and isolated

9 Behavior problems

Unruly students
Drop out of school

Half of young adults who dropped out of school regretted their decision later.

Are involved with gangs and crime

Take responsibility for their own actions
Have respect for their neighbors and communities

10 Youth crime

Lack self-control
Do not think about the consequences of their actions
Commit a crime

Reduce/ prevent youth crime
Become law-abiding citizens

11 Prepare them well for adult life

Increase their independence
A responsible member of society
A productive/ contributing member of society

(Parents) raise their children to be responsible/ productive/ contributing members of society

(School) prepare students to be...
Produce well-rounded individuals

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